Yoruba People

Yoruba people and culture

Yoruba people live mostly in Southwestern Nigeria. They have developed a variety of different artistic forms including pottery, weaving, beadwork, metalwork, and mask making.  Most artwork is made to honour the gods and ancestors and since there are more than 401 known gods to the Yoruba there is much sculpture and artwork made.

History

Yoruba history and culture

The Yorubas originated from Ile-Ife, arose and became quite popular by their trading with the Portuguese, which gave them a large supply of guns.

However, they were unable to push back the Fulani who invaded them and pushed much of the Yoruba to the south.

In the late 1800s, the Yorubas formed a treaty with the Fulani and in 1901 they were colonized by the British. Because of their enmity with the Fulani who are the great Islam evangelists, most of the Yoruba people do not hold to Islam but instead worship many of the gods and spirits that the Yoruba hold to.

Economically, Yoruba people primarily engage in agriculture, with about 15% of the people employed as merchants or artists and craftsman.

One of the features that make Yoruba people unique is their tendency to form into large city groups instead of small village groups. The Yorubas are today one of the three main ethnic groups that make up Nigeria. They can also be found in neighbouring countries.

People & Culture

Yoruba People

Yoruba people are a large ethno-linguistic group or ethnic nation in Africa, and the majority of them speak the Yoruba language. The Yoruba constitute approximately 21 percent of Nigeria’s total population, and around 40 million individuals throughout the region of West Africa. While the majority of the Yoruba live in western Nigeria, there are also substantial indigenous Yoruba communities in Benin, Ghana, Togo and the Caribbean.

A significant percentage of Africans enslaved during the Trans Atlantic Slave Trade in the Americas managed to maintain the Yoruba spiritual religion known as Aborisha.

Indeed, the initiation and practice of Aborisha spiritual religion offers a route to all people of African descent, who were victims of slave trade in the Americas or the Caribbean, to make claim to Yoruba heritage.

The Yorubas are the main ethnic group in the states of Ekiti, Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, and Oyo, which are subdivisions of Nigeria; they also constitute a sizable proportion of Kwara and Kogi States as well as Edo State.

Major towns and cities

Traditionally, the Yorubas organized themselves into networks of related villages, towns and kingdoms; with most of them headed by an Oba (King) or Baale (a nobleman or mayor). The main Yoruba cities and towns are Ile-Ife, Ibadan, Lagos, Ijebu Ode, Abeokuta, Akure, Ilorin, Ijebu-Igbo, Ogbomosho, Ondo, Badagri, Ado-Ekiti, Osogbo, Ilesa, Oyo, Owo, Kabba, Offa, Ilesa, Ilobu, Ede etc. There are other Yoruba cities and towns such as Ketu, Sabe, Dassa and others in Republic of Benin.

There are other towns and cities with historical affiliation with the Yoruba people because they share one or more similarities together. Some of these cities and towns are Benin city, Warri, Auchi, Okene etc.

9 Comments

  1. Oluwanifemi says:

    The Yoruba did not originate from Oyo, but Ile-Ife. Oyo Town was founded by Oranmiyan, the last born of Oduduwa. Oduduwa is the progenitor of the Yoruba people. Oranmiyan was a military leader. After he left Bini kingdom, he founded Oyo-Ile and constituted the major Yoruba towns into a formidable empire that lasted for over a thousand years. The combined effect of the slave trade, Fulani invasion and the 19th century Yoruba warfares led to the decline of the suzenrity of the Oyo empire and the eventual colonization of Yorubaland into what we now know as Southern Nigeria in 1914.

    Reply
  2. FRIDAY OLEJA says:

    great

    Reply
  3. Ogunnubi says:

    OGUNNUBI ABIODUN FROM CALEB UNIVERSITY IMOTA LAGOS AM REALLY HAPPY TO KNOW MORE ABOUT MY CULTURE, THE HISTORY AND WHERE YORUBA ORIGINATED FROM. AND THAT ECONOMICALLY MOST YORUBA,S ENGAGE IN AGRICULTURE, WITH ABOUT 15% OF THE PEOPLE EMPLOYED AS MERCHANTS OR ARTISTS AND CRAFTMAN..AND AM EVEN ABLE TO KNOW THOSE YORUBA TOWNS ANS CITIES.

    Reply

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