History of Nigeria – Nigerian People & Culture

About Nigeria

The national theatre

History of Nigeria

Before the British arrived in the late 19th century, Nigeria’s most notable kingdoms were the Borno Kingdom, the kingdom of Katsina and others in the North. 

Also in South-West was the Yoruba Kingdom of Ile-Ife and Oyo Empire while the Mid-Western has Kingdom of Benin and the Igbo communities of Eastern Nigeria.

After the abolition of the slave trade, there was an expansion of trade in agricultural produce from Africa to Europe, particularly palm oil from the West African coastal areas.

The coastal enclave of Lagos became a British colony in 1861, a centre for expansion of British trade, missions, and political influence.  Read more

Nigeria people and culture

Nigerian People and Culture

Famous for her huge population of more than 170 million people and with more than 370 ethnics groups, Nigeria has the highest population in the whole African continent.

The country is made up of three major ethnic groups – the Hausa-Fulani, the Yoruba, and the Igbo- and they represent about 70 percent of the population.

Another 10 percent comprises of several other groups numbering more than 1 million members each, including the Kanuri, Tiv, and Ibibio. More than 300 smaller ethnic groups account for the remaining 20 percent of the population. Read more

Nigeria climate and weather condition

Climate and weather condition

Although Nigeria lies wholly within the tropical zone, there are wide climatic variations in different areas of the country.

Near the coast, the seasons are not sharply defined. Temperatures rarely exceed 32°C (90°F), but humidity is very high and nights are hot. Coastal areas temperatures rarely exceed 32°C (90°F), but humidity is very high with hot nights.

There are two distinct seasons in Nigeria – a wet season from April to October, with generally lower temperature, and a dry season from November to March, with midday temperatures that surpass 38°C (100°F) but relatively cool nights.  Read more

Nigeria food and drinks

Nigerian Food and Drink

Nigeria has a variety of delicious and nutritious food made from fruits, vegetables, meat, and seafood and their preparation depends greatly on the types of the food.

Food and drinks in Nigeria is more of geographical location, tribes or ethnic groups. This is so because Nigeria is a big country with more than 250 different tribes and this simply means that the country has more than 250 variety of local food and drinks.

Generally, there are some common food stuff such as rice, beans or peas, plantain etc; that are being eaten all over the country. Read more

Nigeria naira

Money (Currency)

The currency is the Naira (N) which is divided into 100 kobo. Currency notes are issued in denominations of N5, N10, N20, N50 and N100. Coins are issued in 10K, 25K, and N 1.

Except for hotel bills, tourists can do their shopping and other businesses in the local currency. Major banks operate electronic money transfer services.

Foreign visitors can easily exchange their money to Nigerian currency perhaps at the banks or the bureau de change outlets all over the country. Read more

Nigerian media


Nigeria has the first ever television station in Africa! With the advent of democratic government, mainstream newspapers as well as the privately owned radio and television stations had massively increased.

Also, international satellite television channels such as CNN, BBC, FOX and others as well as satellite radio stations are easily accessible in the country. Read more


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