Located in north-west geopolitical zone of Nigeria, Jigawa State was created out of the old Kano State in 1991 with its headquarter is Dutse. The state is divided into twenty seven local government areas which include Auyo, Babura, Birnin-kudu, Birniwa, Buji, Dutse, Gagarawa, Garki, Gumel, Guri, Gwaram, Gwiwa, Hadejia, Jahun, Kafin-Hausa, Kaugama, Kazaure, Kirikasamma, Kiyawa, Maigatari, Malam-Maduri, Miga, Ringim, Roni, Sule-Tankarkar, Taura, and Yankwashi.
Jigawa State is a mainly agricultural state created out of the old Kano State on 27 August 1991, by the military government of General Ibrahim Babangida. The former Kano State being one of the largest states in terms of land area, was simply too large for easy administration and meaningful development and this called for the new state to be created.
People & Culture
With an estimated population of 4,348,649 million, Jigawa State is populated mainly by Hausa-Fulani but there are also Manga (a Kanuri dialect) and Badawa, who constitute significant percentages in Birnwa, Guri and Kirikasamma Local Government Areas. The pattern of human settlement is nucleated, with defined population centers. [tab:Geography] Covering a total of 322,410sqkm land area, Jigawa State is bordered to the south and east by Bauchi State to the east and north by Yobe State, to the west by Kano and Katsina States. It also shares an international boundary to the north with Niger Republic.
Climate Jigawa state is semi arid, characterised by a long dry season and a short wet season. The climatic variables are erratic and vary considerably over the year. The annual mean temperature is about 25°C but the mean monthly values range between 21°C in the coolest month and 31°C ni in the hottest month. However, the mean daily temperature could be as low as 20°C during the months of December and January when the cold dry harmattan wind blows from the Sahara Desert.
Wet season is roughly four months (June to September) and dry season is seven to eight months (October to May). The rainy season sometimes starts in May but early rains in April are not unusual while the bulk of the rainfall comes in June through September. Violent dust storms, followed by tornado and lightening, usually herald the onset of the rains in May and June and their retreat in September or early October. The total annual rainfall ranges from 600mm in the north to 1000mm in the southern parts of the state.
Cities & Towns
Other important cities and towns include Dutse, Hadejia, Gumel, Ringim, Kazaure, and Birnin Kudu. [tab:Attractions] Baturiya Bird Sanctuary: Located in Kiri Kasmma LGA and covers an area of 320 sq km with a buffer zone of a half kilometre surrounding it, Baturiya Bird Sanctuary provides a natural habitat for over 378 species of migratory birds from places as far as Europe and Australia. This site has been visited by Prince Philip and Prince Charles who are members of the Wildlife Conservation Foundation.
Wawan Rafi Lake: Wawan Rafi is situated in Kazaure and it has a scenic environment. The lake is an holiday resort that offers water sport activities such as fishing, boating etc. Golf course and other recreational activities are also taking place there.
Range of Quasite Rocks: Range of Quasite Rocks located at Amaryawa in Roni Local Government area could provide mountaineering activities for the tourists.
Birnin Kudu Rock Painting: Birnin kudu lies in the south of Jigawa State and it is noted for the presence of large number of rocks and their fascinating ancient paintings which are of the oldest rock paintings in Nigeria. The different paintings are eloquent information on the styles of the early settlers in the area.
Hadejia Wetlands/Nguru Wetlands & Birds Sanctuary: The Hadejia wetland which extends to Nguru in neighbouring Yobe State is a popular tourist attraction in the state. The wetlands provide shelter for various rare and migratory birds. This sanctuary harbours exotic and rare species of birds. A beautiful place for bird watchers.
Emirs’ Palace: The Emir’s palaces in Kazaura, Ringim, Gumel, Dutse and Hadejia have attractive designs which are a combination of indigenous and modern architecture.
Ringim Dying Pit: Ringim Dyeing Pit is an ancient dying pit in Ringm used in the dyeing of clothes.
Gwaram Forest Reserve: The forest reserve is one of the reserves created by the government to preserve the forest and wildlife
Garin Gabas (Cultural): An ancient settlement in Malam-Madori LGA.
Haitumbi Tomb in Hadejia
Harbo Fishing Village